“Share your knowledge. It is a way to achieve immortality.”~Dalai Lama XIV~
Procedures of Teaching
Teaching procedures generally follow the teaching plan. In the teaching and learning process there are three important activities namely preliminary activities, main activities, and closing activities.
In preliminary activities, the learning process starts from the daily routine. In this section I will greet students, check students attendance, and instructs students to write their own points in the notebook during the learning process. Students get one point for each activeness or participation. This is done to instill honesty in students during the learning process. Next, I will informs to students the topics to be studied, gives motivation and conveys learning objectives to be achieved.
After preliminary activities, the next activity is main activities. In this section, I activate their prior knowledge about prerequisite material or previous topic by giving quizzes or asking students for their opinions. Then, I will begin to explain about the related topic and will usually answer the questions that arise in the minds of students when engage part. Sometimes I asks students to work on examples of questions directly on the board and the other students work on their notebooks. In addition,I also provides group activities, such as working on worksheets in the group.
After main activities, the next activity is closing activities. In this section I asks students to conclude about the lesson. Next, I asks students to collect their points that have been recorded, give homework to increase student practice and enrich their knowledge. In addition, I also tells students the next topic to be studied, in the hope that students can learn it first at home. I will end the learning by greeting the students: “Thank you so much for your attention, see you again”.
Time Management and
Time management is something to consider when teaching. Therefore, as teachers we must consider it, because good time management can provide a good teaching and learning process. At Kim Hồng Secondary School, I only have 45 minutes per section to teach. For that I divide 45 minutes according to the needs per section:
- Preliminary Activities
I allocate 10 minutes: 4 minutes for daily routines and 6 minutes for informing topics, motivating and conveying learning objectives.
- Main Activities
I allocate 30 minutes: 10 minutes to review the prerequisite topic, 15 minutes to explain the contents of the topic using power point presentations or explain on the board and answer students questions in the teaching and learning process. The next 5 minutes are used by students to work on worksheets in the group. When discussing in groups I display a stopwatch on the LCD TV, so students can control their time when discussing and working on worksheets.
- Closing Activities
I allocate the last 5 minutes for conclusions, give homework, and closing greetings.
When I did the teaching practice, I encountered several problems. The first problem is in daily activities the teaching and learning process using Vietnamese, which causes some students difficulty to understand the material when explained using English. This makes it difficult for me to teach when students cannot understand what I am saying. I also understand this is also difficult for them, because sometimes they want to convey something but they can not speak English. Sometimes my cooperating teacher, mentor, and volunteer help me to translate what I say into Vietnamese, but she may not do it all the time. Therefore, before doing practice teaching, I always prepare bilingual teaching materials (English-Vietnamese). The bilingual teaching material that i prepared are the handout as the same with the textbook students and material based on topic using power point presentation. In addition, I also try to speak slowly and clearly to make students understand.
The second problem are when students chit-chat with their friends, lost their focus, play, and very noisy. If I find that problem I will greet them by saying “Hello Class, Attention Please!” While clapping. If it doesn’t work, I will ask noisy students to repeat what I have explained before. Sometimes, if students feel bored, I will say something funny to refresh them.
The last problem are when I find students who cannot give correct answer, I will not say “your answer is wrong”, but I will say “Nice Try! Does anyone want to add your friend’s answers before? “, I did this so students do not feel disappointed and discouraged. If I find a student who can give a correct answer, I will give a point and say “Very good”.
Example of bilingual material using power point presentation
Classroom management is one of the important things when teaching. To be able to make good classroom management, I always try to give clear instructions and make sure they listen to me. In addition, I always ask students to write their own points during the teaching and learning process. This is done to instill the value of honesty in students.
I also always confirm to students whether they have understood my explanation or not and provide opportunities for students to ask questions about my explanations that are not yet understood. This is also important in class management. Furthermore, I usually use remote to control the power point of presentation so that during the teaching and learning process I can observe all students and not monotonously stand in front of the class.
At first, it was difficult to manage the class. But my mentors, cooperating teacher, and also volunteers always giving me good advice, helping in the preparation process before teaching, and always encouraging me. That is why I always try to improve the quality of my teaching skills and try to do my best when practice teaching.